The convent dates back to the early 16th century. In the late 16th century, the convent was enclosed in a massive defensive wall (three meters thick) with arrow slit windows cut into it, carrying 12 battle towers, which was also largely based on the model of the Kremlin wall.
During the reign of Peter I, the monastery opened an orphanage for girls born out of wedlock, where they were raised, brought up and taught the art of lace-making by Dutch craftswomen. Since the end of the 18th century (until 1868), the Novodevichy Convent served as a penal institution for women.
The convent was closed after the socialist revolution of 1917. In 1926, its museum became a branch of the State Historical Museum.
Since 1964, the Novodevichy Convent has been the residence of Metropolitan of Krutitsy and Kolomna.”
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