Friday August 2, 2013
This is a very beautiful city with many outstanding churches and museums. We arrived in early afternoon and had a bus tour of the city with many interesting sights.
We spent a good deal of time at the Transfiguration Cathedral which was only rebuilt approx three years ago for the 600 hundredth anniversary of the city. This city has many students as there are a number of different universities here. Wealthy merchants built over 50 churches.
We also visited the Art Gallery at the Governor’s House where his daughters (in period costumes) guided us through a wonderful collection of paintings. We had been told to expect a surprise and surprised we were when an ensemble of musicians provided music fit for a ballroom. Of even greater surprise was the the three sisters initially dancing together and then inviting various gentlemen in the tour group to dance. Well I guess I am a gentlemen as two of the lovely daughters asked me to dance.
We finished up the tour in Yaroslavl with a visit to the Transfiguration Monastery.
“Founded by Prince Yaroslavl in 1218. In 1598 it became the Capital of Russia as Moscow was threatened by the Poles. The capital was given back to Moscow in 1613. This is when the ”Golden age of Yaroslavl” began. It became the most prominent mercantile centre of the upper Volga region. One sixth of Russia’s wealthiest merchant families kept their homes in Yaroslavl at this time and by the end of the 17th century they
had erected at least 50 new churches. When Peter the Great focused the country’s attention on his new capital St. Petersburg, the role of Yaroslavl diminished but at the same time it continued to be one of the prominent cultural centers. Russia’s first national theatre was founded in 1750, as well as the country’s first major provincial newspaper was established here in 1786.
By the middle of the 19th century over 80 plants and factories were in business and in 1870 a railroad was laid to Moscow. At the same time pre-revolutionary turmoil started and there were several strikes in the city. The uprising of 1905 and 1917 Revolution was to follow. During the Soviet Era real economic renovation of the of the city started. Several modern industrial complexes and the largest tire producing factory is one example of it. On the left bank of the river a new part of the city with modern dwellings was constructed. It preserves the role as the cultural centre of the country.
Today its colourful ancient history and its comparatively muted recent history compete to define the city.” (with excepts from Daily Cruiser, August 2)